Hudud: Views From The Far-Right – Part II


Malaysia has a Muslim population of 61.3%, which effectively categorizes it as a multi-cultural country with a small Muslim majority. Apart from Malaysia, there are only two other multi-cultural, former British colonies with a small majority of Muslims, namely Brunei and the occupied territory of Palestine (which includes Israel). Out of these three states, only two own a constitution which expressly uphold Islam as the religion of the country or the federation. These two states are Malaysia and Brunei – both Malay governments. [Lagi]


Hudud: Views From The Far-Right – Part I


The Federal Constitution, the highest law of the land, provides that criminal law will fall under the jurisdiction of the federal powers, while syariah law can be created by the states’ own legislative assembly.

The Ninth Schedule, List I, Paragraph 4 places crime-related laws under the authority of Parliament (Federal). The Ninth Schedule, List II, Paragraph 1 provides that the state government does not have the power to create any criminal law.

The addition of clause 1A to Article 121 of the Federal Constitution had effectively granted jurisdictional independence to the syariah courts by protecting them against interference by the civil courts. However, with the newly-gained powers, syariah state enactments similar to the Syariah Criminal Offences (Federal Territories) Act 1997, have incorporated the criminal offence of liwat, to be tried by the syariah court, when another genuinely identical criminal offence is already specified under Section 377A of the Penal Code. [Lagi]